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Highbush Blueberry - Northern Cultivars


A-Zowoce

Bluecrop
Bluecrop
  • 'Bluecrop' is still a fundamental production cultivar in our climate, best-known and appreciated; standard variety to which all cultivars are compared.
  • Its shrubs grow up to 1.6-2 m high.
  • Gives big berries of very good quality, suitable for manual and mechanical harvesting (especially later crops); very tasty, good for both direct consumption and storing.
  • Its fruit ripen from the first decade of August, it gives high yield, 4-9 kg per shrub; 'Bluecrop' is a moderately early cultivar, high-yielding, very good for commercial and amateur planting.
  • Grows vigorously, also in drier positions; prefers drier soils, in heavy and wet soils more susceptible to stem and root diseases.
  • One of the most tolerant blueberry cultivars to late spring ground frosts.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018
in plugtrays M-84 from VIII 2018

Bluegold
Bluegold
  • Introduced to cultivation in the USA, 1989.
  • Low shrubs, up to 1.2 m high, with a great number of stems (needs thinning out).
  • Gives berries of average size, which take on the colour early but not the sweet taste and can drop off before harvesting; manual harvesting recommended, keeps exceptionally well when chilled and in a cold store with controlled atmosphere.
  • Its berries ripen in the first half of August, important blueberry cultivar due to a late season of ripening, high yielding and boasts good flavour.
  • Easy in cultivation, recommended to less experienced growers.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Bluejay
Bluejay
  • Grows quickly into a big shrub, up to 2.1 m high, erect, rather not dense, easy to train.
  • Gives ball-shaped berries of average size, pale blue, smooth and aromatic.
  • They ripen at the beginning of August; due to its long sparse clusters and the fact that up to 70% of its fruits ripen in the first period, perfectly suitable for mechanical harvesting, the remaining berries can be picked in the second harvesting.
  • One of the most resistant and tolerant cultivars, reliable.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Bonus
Bonus
  • 'Bonus' boasts sparse erect habit and grows up to 1.5 m high.
  • Its dessert berries are very big, up to 3 cm across, extremely tasty, firm, pale blue, with a small pedicel scar; the size of its fruits is comparable to 'Chandler'.
  • Gives average yield of 6 kg per shrub; ripens in midseason.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018

Brigitta Blue
Brigitta Blue
  • Originated from Australia.
  • Its shrubs grow fast, up to 1.8 m high and are not too dense.
  • Its young stems are slightly brown in colouring.
  • Gives the highest quality fruits, they are big, smooth, hard and crunchy, of pale blue colouring and tasty; perfect for long storing in lowered temperature and excellent for keeping in cold stores with controlled atmosphere; considered to be one of the most promising commercial blueberry cultivar.
  • Sometimes unreliable, especially flower buds and one-year-old stems can be damaged on damp places in autumn; requires less water and lower fertilization to enter the winter dormancy period and reach adequate cold hardiness.
  • Cold hardiness -29°C (USDA zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Chandler
Chandler
  • New blueberry with exceptional fruit, introduced to cultivation in 1994.
  • Its vigorously growing shrubs are of erect habit, well branched and grow up to 1.5 m high.
  • Gives exceptionally big berries, the biggest ones among the highbush blueberry cultivars, usually over 2 cm across and heavier than 2 g; often yields fruits above 2.5 cm across; they are blue, tasty and firm with a small pedicel scar.
  • 'Chandler' gives high and regular yield; its ripening is prolonged to 4-6 weeks, which improves the attractiveness of this cultivar.
  • After several years of observation in Poland, 'Chandler' can be recommended for plantations, it is one of the most wanted cultivars, especially for small family plantations harvested manually.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Chanticleer
Chanticleer
  • Grows into shrubs of upright habit, moderately high, up to 1.6 m.
  • Blooms later than other early higbush blueberries.
  • Gives middle-size berries, 1.7 g, sweet, slightly tart and well suitable for transport.
  • Gives an average yield of 8 kg per shrub, half of it can be picked up during the first harvesting; one of the earliest of all the highbush blueberry cultivars.
  • Cold hardiness -28°C (USDA zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018

Darrow
Darrow
  • Grows up to 1.5-2.1 m high, develops a slightly broad-spreading upright habit.
  • Displays characteristic small dark green leaves.
  • Boasts very big berries, especially from the first crop. Develops attractive taste, a typically dessert cultivar.
  • Attention should be paid to harvesting in full harvest ripening, only then it reveals its taste. Not suitable for mechanical harvesting. Its fruit ripens late, often - especially in worse conditions - it does not ripen.
  • A well-known and sought for blueberry cultivar but difficult in cultivation, especially in colder areas, a bigger planting rather risky.
  • Highly valued by nursery growers thanks to its fruit that remains long on shrubs in the autumn sale period of the nursery planting.
  • Not resistant to stem blight.
  • Cold hardiness -29°C (USDA – zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019
in plugtrays M-84 from VIII 2018

Duke
Duke
  • Bred in the USA, 1986.
  • Its shrubs reach 1.3-1.8 m high and boast erect but broad habit and stiff and straightened stems; needs regular pruning to regularly bear high quality fruit.
  • Develops berries of average size, with good taste, especially after chilling, gathered in clusters at the end of upright stems; suitable both for direct consumption and processing, the berry skin is smooth and strong, characteristically crunchy; perfect berries for transporting and freezing.
  • Early cultivar, its fruits ripen from mid-July, it yields a crop regularly; highly suitable for mechanical harvesting, which has been proved in the USA in recent years; extremely appreciated due to its regular and high yield.
  • Not recommended for excessively damp and cold places.
  • Regarded as a blueberry cultivar of great economic importance.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Earliblue
Earliblue
  • Its shrubs reach 1.2-1.8 m high and boast erect habit, develops stiff stems.
  • Gives middle-size berries which are pale blue and gathered in sparse clusters.
  • Gives an average crop of 2.5-5 kg per shrub; ripens about July 10 as one of the earliest highbush blueberries, its fruits cannot be stored but are good for direct consumption.
  • Valuable because of high cold hardiness and early ripening season.
  • Cold hardiness -37°C (USDA zone 3).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Elliott
Elliott
  • Grows vigorously up to 2 m high.
  • Requires strong pruning to maintain high quality fruits and a constant high yield, its berries are of average size and contain a lot of anthocyans as 'Rubel'.
  • Its fruits ripen from the beginning of September to mid-October but in case of cold and wet weather in September, their taste may remain tart; perfectly suitable for mechanical harvesting and can be kept long in a cold store; extremely high yielding.
  • Not recommended for damp and cold places.
  • Cold hardiness -29°C (USDA zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Goldtraube
Goldtraube
  • Vigorous grower up to 1.5 m high; valued in nurseries for developing a regular, compact shrub.
  • Bears big and tasty berries, comes into fruit-bearing in midseason, rather meant as a dessert cultivar.
  • Tolerant of worse cultivation conditions.
  • Cold hardiness -29°C (USDA zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018
in plugtrays M-84 from VIII 2018

Hannah's Choice
Hannah's Choice
  • Highbush blueberry cultivar selected in the USA, 1982, boasts early time of ripening.
  • Grows into shrubs of upright habit, up to 2.1 m high.
  • Its berries are big or average in size, bigger than 'Bluegold', firm, very sweet; they boast small pedicel scar and blue colouring of the skin.
  • Its berries ripen at a similar time as 'Duke'.
  • Cold hardiness -37°C (USDA zone 3).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018

KazPliszka PBR
KazPliszka PBR
  • Polish protected cultivar, bred by Dr. Kazimierz Pliszka.
  • Moderate grower with stiff stems and erect habit, starts growing in the second decade of April.
  • Its blooming time falls at the end of April and the beginning of May.
  • Dessert cultivar, gives ball-shaped, middle-sized berries which are sapphire-blue in colour, its white pulp contains anthocyjan pigmentation; they are aromatic, extremely tasty, gathered in compact clusters and boast low tendency to drop off; in flavor similar to V. myrtillus berries, our native species.
  • Its ripening season falls in the first decade of July, the majority of its fruits ripen at the same time, probably good for mechanical harvesting.
  • Cold hardiness at least -30°C (USDA zone 4b).
  • Initial protection of the Polish Cultivar Register COBORU, Reg. No. OS 244, RS 883.
available: in plugtrays M-90 !!! while stock lasts
in plugtrays M-84 !!! while stock lasts

Legacy
  • Introduced to cultivation in 1993
  • Grows high, up to 2.1 m, boasts a sparse erect habit.
  • Berries of average size but very tasty and with a small scar, its ripen berries easily drop off sparse clusters, good for mechanical harvesting, can be sold as dessert fruit or for processing. Exceptionally high yielding, after 10-year long observation in the USA considered as one of the most high-yielding blueberry cultivars, there the record crop in 1998 exceeded 26 t/ha.
  • Tested in the areas with slightly milder winters, still requires tests in more severe conditions.
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018
in plugtrays M-84 from VIII 2018

Nelson
Nelson
  • Introduced to cultivation in the USA, 1988.
  • Develops thickening shrubs with erect habit which grow up to 1.3-1.6 m high.
  • Gives big, aromatic and tasty fruits, gathered in sparse clusters (resembling the fruit of 'Spartan'); ripe berries remain long on shrubs – they do not drop off; manual harvesting recommended.
  • Endures transport well; its berries begin to ripen in August and its ripening period lasts about 3 weeks; a 6 kg crop per shrub was recorded in the USA.
  • Extremely worth propagating due to its late time of ripening, cold hardiness and good quality fruit.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Patriot
Patriot
  • Not long ago a new, promising cultivar; nowadays permanently among the most sought after highbush blueberries.
  • Its shrubs grow up to 1.2-1.8 m high and boast upright habit.
  • Gives very big, flattened, aromatic berries which are very tasty and have strong skin and a small and dry pedicel scar; they are pale blue, with lighter streaks; its first crop should be picked up manually, the remaining part of the crop can be harvested mechanically; its berries are slightly smaller but still bigger than those of 'Bluecrop'.
  • Its fruits begin ripening towards the end of July and yield 4.5-9.0 kg per shrub; due to its high yield and the possibility of worsening the quality of the crop, it needs pruning and even thinning out its berries; a sufficient water supply is needed during the growth and ripening of its fruits to make them reach their full size.
  • Tolerant of more humid soils and cooler positions with a shorter vegetation season; however, grows better in sunny and warm positions, where it gives better quality higher crops.
  • Good for growing on plantations and by amateurs.
  • Regarded as resistant to Phytophthora cinnamomi.
  • Cold hardiness -40°C (USDA zone 3).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018
in plugtrays M-84 from VIII 2018

Pink BlueberryPink Blueberry
Pink Blueberry
  • American cultivar developed in the 1970s.
  • Grows into compact, dense shrub with numerous stems.
  • Develops lanceolate glossy green leaves with smooth surface, very similar to the leaves of Vaccinium ashei; in September first they turn yellow and then bright orange.
  • Displays extremely showy bell-shaped, pale pink flowers; self-fertile cultivar, but cross-pollination makes its fruits bigger and better.
  • At first its fruits are pale green, then they start getting pink spots and at the end of the ripening season they are pink in colour; bears medium size fruits, firm, very sweet and with good flavour; recommended for direct consumption, for deserts and as decoration.
  • Boasts middle-late to late harvesting time; its first crop is the highest, later single berries prolong its harvesting till October and winter time fruits are attractive for birds.
  • Full sun for maximum fruit development is recommended.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018

Spartan
Spartan
  • Introduced to cultivation in 1978.
  • Big shrub, 1.5-2.1 m height, boast sparse erect habit and has strong and stiff stems.
  • Blooms late (avoids damage from late spring ground frosts) but ripens early – after July 20.
  • Gives big berries, pale blue, the biggest during the first two harvests. Very tasty. Suitable for mechanical harvest.
  • The average yield middle size - up to 6 kg per shrub.
  • Intolerant of incorrect fertilization, favours well drained soil and suitable pH.
  • Cold hardiness -29°C (USDA – zone 5).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from VIII 2018

Toro
Toro
  • A promising cultivar, grown in the USA, 1987, 'Earliblue' x 'Ivanhoe' cross.
  • A vigorous grower with an erect habit, grows up to 2 m high.
  • Self-fertile cultivar but he use of pollinators is recommended.
  • Produces big, smooth, blue berries with a small pedicel scar. Good for direct consumption and processing. Fruits gathered in big clusters are easy for picking.
  • Ripens in a considerably short period of time. Harvesting possible in two periods. Maintains good quality during the whole harvesting time. Gives constant and high yield. Due to its high quality fruit and similar time of ripening it replaces 'Bluecrop' in some areas of the USA, especially on the dessert fruit market.
  • Cold hardiness -34°C (USDA – zone 4).
available: in plugtrays M-90 from 2019

Updated on: 2018-08-09

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